Does Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) hear the Supplication and Salutation


Question :
Does the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) hear those who supplicate him by his grave or the salutation that are recited as indicated by the hadith in which he said:
He Who supplicates for me by my grave I hear him.
"He Who supplicates for me by my grave I hear him."
Al-Bayhaqi in Shu'abul-Imam 2 :218, no. 1583.
Is this Hadith authentic weak or fabricated?

Answer :
Normally dead people do not hear the living humans
Nor do you make those in the graves hear.
"Nor do you make those in the graves hear."
Al-Fatir 35 :22.
Neither the Book nor the authentic Sunnah provides a proof to the contrary. It is authentically proven however that only the salutations of those who salute do reach him. It is alike whether that once the great-grandson of Ali bin abi Talib may Allah be pleased with them saw a man enter an enclosure beside the grave of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and supplicated. He forbade him to do so and said to him: Shall I tell what I heard my father saying that my grandfather the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
Do not hold my grave as a ritual site. Nor true your homes into graveyards and ask Allah to exalt my mention for your salutations reach me wherever you may be.
"Do not hold my grave as a ritual site. Nor true your homes into graveyards and ask Allah to exalt my mention for your salutations reach me wherever you may be."
Abu Dawud no. 2042, Ahmad 2 :367 and Abu Yala no. 469.
As for the Hadith:
He who supplicates for me by my grave I hear him.
"He who supplicates for me by my grave I hear him."
Al-Bayhqi no. Shu'abul-Imam 2 :218, no. 1583.
It is a weak Hadith. As for the hadith recorded by Abu Dawud with a hasan chain of narration from Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him:
Whenever anyone salutes me, Allah returns my soul back to me so that I return his salutation
"Whenever anyone salutes me, Allah returns my soul back to me so that I return his salutation"
Abu-Dawud no. 2041.
It does not clearly connote that he hears the one who is saluting him. Rather it is possible that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) responds to the salutation when the angles convey it ro him. Even if we suppose that he hears the salutation but this does not necessarily mean that he hears the supplications an other utterances.
The Permanent Committee



Tags : dua, supplicate, qabar, grave, salam, salutation
 
 

This question is on 93 page in Fatawa Islamiyah book.


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