A Fabricated Hadith


Question :
Noble Shaikh, there are fabricated Hadiths regarding the punishment one receives for abandoning the prayers; what is your view concerning such Hadiths?

Answer :
All praise is for Allah, Lord of all that exists; and may peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, his family, and all of his Companions.
I read a publication that was titled "The Punishment for Abandoning the Prayer." In it is the following: "It has been related from the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him that whoever is negligent in the prayer, Allah Almighty will punish him with fifteen kinds of punishments.
Ten the fifteen kinds of punishments are listed. At the very end of the booklet is written, "We hope that everyone who reads this copy will photocopy it and distribute it to other Muslims."
I also read another pamphlet that began with three verses of the Qur'an, the first one begin:
Nay! But worship Allah, and be among the grateful.
"Nay! But worship Allah, and be among the grateful."
Az-Zumar 39: 66.
Then the writer or writers of the publication claimed that by reading the pamphlet, one will bring good to himself within four days. The reader is also requested to make twenty-five copies and to give them to whoever may need them, and then reader is warned of an impending punishment if he fails to do so.
Now because these two publications consist of falsehood and evil, I deem it necessary to point out that falsehood, so that a person of limited Islamic knowledge will not mislead. And so seeking guidance from Allah Almighty, I say:
Without a doubt these are means of innovated matters in religion, from those who speak about Allah without knowledge. Allah Almighty has clarified in His Book that this is one of the worst sins:
Say: (But) the things my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which he has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.
"Say: (But) the things my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which he has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge."
Al-A'raf 7: 33.
So the person responsible for this should fear Allah for the evil that he has attributed to Allah and His Messenger Peace Be Upon Him, that being something that has no basis from Allah or His Messenger Peace Be Upon Him. For the knowledge of specific punishment is from the unseen, and no one knows anything about that except from revelation that came to Allah's Messenger Peace Be Upon Him, and none of this has been mentioned in the book or the Sunnah.
The Hadith that mentioned fifteen kinds of punishment for someone who abandons the prayer is fabricated, a fact that eminent scholar have made clear, scholars such as Al-Hafiz Ath-Thahabi in Al-Mizan, and Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajr.
Speaking of one of its narrations, Muhammad bin 'Ali bin Al-'Abbas Al-Baghdadi Al-Attar, Ibn Hajr writes in Lisan Al-Mizan, "He ascribed to Abu Bakr bin ziyad An-Naysaburi a false Hadith regarding people who abandon the prayer. Muhammad bin 'Ali Al-Muwazini, a Shaikh of Abu An-Narsi, related this Hadith from him. The person referred to (Muhammad bin 'Ali bin Al-'Abbas) claimed that Ibn Ziyad took the Hadith from Ar-Rabi', from Ash-Shafi'i, from Malik, from Summi, from Abu Salih, from Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him. He claimed that the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said: "Whoever is negligent in the prayer, Allah will punish him with fifteen traits." The Hadith is obviously false, made up by those who are members of a deviant order.
The Permanent Committee For Scientific Researches and Religious Verdicts has issued a verdict (on this date: 10/6/1401 H), pointing out that this Hadith is false. And now can a sane person be pleased with spreading a fabricated Hadith, especially since, in an authentic Hadith, the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said,
Whoever reports a Hadith from me, knowing it to be a lie, then he is one of the liars.
"Whoever reports a Hadith from me, knowing it to be a lie, then he is one of the liars."
At-Tirmithi no. 2662, Ibn Majah no. 39, 41.
Moreover, why resort to false proofs when there are sufficient texts from the Qur'an and the authentic Sunnah that deal with the importance of player and the punishment for the one who abandons it. Allah Almighty said:
Verily, Salah is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.
"Verily, Salah is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours."
An-Nisa' 4: 103.
He also said:
What has caused you to enter Hell?" They will say: We were not of those who used to perform their Salah.
"What has caused you to enter Hell?" They will say: We were not of those who used to perform their Salah."
Al-Muddaththir 74: 42,43.
They are described as having abandoned the prayer. Allah Almighty said:
So woe unot those performs of Salah, who delay their Salah from their stated fixed times, those who do good deeds only to be seen (of men), and refuse Al-Ma'uwn (small acts of kindness).
"So woe unot those performs of Salah, who delay their Salah from their stated fixed times, those who do good deeds only to be seen (of men), and refuse Al-Ma'uwn (small acts of kindness)."
Al-Ma'un 107: 4-7.
The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said,
Islam is founded on five: to bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayer, to pay the Zakah, to fast Ramadhan, and to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Sacred House of Allah for whoever is able to do so.
"Islam is founded on five: to bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayer, to pay the Zakah, to fast Ramadhan, and to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Sacred House of Allah for whoever is able to do so."
Al-Bukhari no 8 and Muslim no. 16.
The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him also said,
The covenant between us and between them is the prayer; so whosoever abandoned it has indeed disbelieved.
"The covenant between us and between them is the prayer; so whosoever abandoned it has indeed disbelieved."
At-Tirmithi no. 2621 and Ahmad 5/ 346,355.
There are many similar verses of the Qur'an and authentic saying of the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him.
Next, the second publication, which began with this verse:
Nay! But worship Allah, and be among the grateful.
"Nay! But worship Allah, and be among the grateful."
Az-Zumar 39: 66.
The author wrote that whoever distribute it will receive such and such reward, and whoever neglects to distribute it will be punished with such and such punishment, a saying that is the worst kind of falsehood and the greatest kind of lie, a saying that could only issue from the ignorant and innovator, people who wish to occupy the common people with tales and lies. They want to cause Muslims to deviate from the clear truth, which is found in the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
Both good and harm that befall man are from Allah alone, and He Almighty alone knows of this matter. Allah Almighty says:
Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Unseen except Allah.
"Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Unseen except Allah."
Al-Naml 27: 65.
The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him never said that a person who writes three or more verses of the Qur'an receives a special reward, nor did he say that a person who neglects to write them is afflicted with a special punishment. To make such a claim is a fabrication and falsehood. Needless to say then that it is forbidden to print and to distribute these two publications; it is forbidden to even help spread them in any way whatsoever. If a person has previously been involved in this evil activity, then he should repent to Allah Almighty - regretting what he did, resolve never to return to it again. We ask Allah Almighty, that when we see the truth we recognize it to be the truth, and that we then follow it. And we ask Allah Almighty, that when we see falsehood we recognize it to be falsehood, and that we stay away from it. We ask Allah Almighty to protect us from both apparent and hidden trials. May Allah send peace and blessings upon Muhammad, his family, and his Companions.
Ibn Baz



Tags : jhoti ravayat, fabricated hadith, tarik namaz, abandoning the prayer, saza, punishment
 
 

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