The Invalidation of Wudhu' during Prayer or Recitation of the Qur'an due to a Sound or an Odor


Question :
My Wudhu' is invalidated during prayer and when reciting the Qur'an due to the emission of gas, whether by sound or smell only, so I repeat my ablution every time it is invalidated, but there is a Muslim sister who told me that it is not incumbent upon me to repeat the Wudhu' many times over, but that I can pray with one Wudhu', and that if invalidated once, to make ablution a second time, but that if is invalidated again, it is not necessary to repeat the ablution a third time. Is this correct, and what should I do in this situation?

Answer :
If your ablution is definitely invalidated during prayer, by hearing a sound or smell an odor, then you must repeat your Wudhu' and your prayer, according to the Hadith of the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him which states:
If any of you wind in prayer, he should leave and make ablution, then repeat his prayer.
"If any of you wind in prayer, he should leave and make ablution, then repeat his prayer."
Abu Dawud no. 205
and his words:
The prayer of none of you will be accepted if he breaks wind, until he performs Wudhu.
"The prayer of none of you will be accepted if he breaks wind, until he performs Wudhu."
Al-Bukhari no. 135, 6945, Muslim no 226 and Ahmad no 2 :308.
The exception to this if in your case breaking wind is continuous, then you should perform ablution for prayer, when the time for prayer comes, then prayer, as long as it is prayer time, the obligatory and the supererogatory; and the emission of gas during this time from you will harm you, because this situation is one of necessary, in which whatever is emitted from the one continually affected by gas is excused, if he makes Wudhu' after by gas is excused, if he makes Wudhu' after the time for prayer has begun, according to many evidences, including the words of Allah, the Most High:
So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can.
"So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can."
Al-An'am 64 :16.
And the Hadith of 'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) in the story of the women who suffered from continuous vaginal bleeding, to whom the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said:
then make ablution at the time of each prayer.
"...then make ablution at the time of each prayer."
Imam Shawkani says:
perform Wudhu' for each prayer,' it is not 'perform Wudhu' for the time of each prayer.
meaning "wording of the Hadith is 'perform Wudhu' for each prayer,' it is not 'perform Wudhu' for the time of each prayer.'" (Nailul-Autar vol.1, p. 275). This description of Imam Shawkani is correct. Please see Sunan Abi Dawud, The Book of Purification, Chapter 'What is said about taking a bath when she is sure of becoming clean after menses,' Hadith no 275.
As for reading the Qur'an, there is no objection to you reciting from memory, even if you are not in a state of ritual purification, except at the time of Al-Janabah, when you should not recite until you have perform Ghusl, nor should you touch the Qur'an, except after purifying yourself from major and minor impurity, unless the breaking of wind is continuous, as there is no objection to you making ablution at the time of every prayer and praying and reciting (therein) from the Qur'an or from memory, according to the ruling on prayer already mentioned. And Allah is the Granter of success to all.

Ibn Baz



Tags : namaz, prayer, tilawat, recite, wazu, ablution
 
 

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