The Meaning of the Prophet's Satement


Question :
What is the meaning of the following Hadith:
My Ummah will be divided into 73 scets. All of them will be in Hell-Fire except one sect?
"My Ummah will be divided into 73 scets. All of them will be in Hell-Fire except one sect?"
Who is that sect? And will the seventy-two sects live forever in Fire, as the Mushrik will or not? And does the term "Ummah" of Prophet (Piece Be Upon Him) apply to those who follow him as well as to those who do not, or is it to these former only?

Answer :
what is meant by the term "Ummah" in this Hadith is the Ummah of response which shall be divided into seventy-three sects; seventy-two of which are deviant who practice innovated religious practice that do not constitute apostasy. Each shall be tortured in accordance to its innovations, and deviation, except for those whom Allah pardons, and forgives. Their Final abode will be Paradise. The only sect that will be safe is Ahlus-Sunnah wal-jama'ah, who adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet (Piece Be Upon Him), and hold fast to what he and his companions, may Allah be Pleased with them, were holding. It is they about whom the Prophet (Piece Be Upon Him) said:
A group of my Ummah shall remain steadfast, on the truth,victorious, unharmed by those who oppose them, and do not support them, until the death or until the Day of Resurrection.
"A group of my Ummah shall remain steadfast, on the truth,victorious, unharmed by those who oppose them, and do not support them, until the death or until the Day of Resurrection."
Al-Bukhari nos.71, 3641 and Muslim no, 1920.
As for those whose innovation casts them out of Islam, they belong to the Ummah of invitation (mankind at large) not the Ummah of invitation, which is a general term including all those to whom the Prophet (Piece Be Upon Him) was sent (i.s., mankind) those who believe and those who do not believe. Whereas the term 'the safe sect' is the Ummah of response, which strictly applies to those who believe in the Prophet (Piece Be Upon Him), trustfully, and die on this condition. This is This sect that will be safe from Fire; either final abode will be Paradise.
As for the seventy-two sects(in the second opinion) they are all, excluding the saved sects, disbelievers who will live forever in Fire. Hence, it is clear that the Ummah of Da'wah is more general in connotation than the Ummah of response. That is to say, whoever belong to the Ummah of response, belongs to the Ummah of invitation, while not everyone of the Ummah of invitation belongs to the Ummah of response.
The Permanent Committee



Tags : sect, firqah, mushrik, polytheist, resurrection, qayamat
 
 

This question is on 38 page in Fatawa Islamiyah book.


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