Concerning the Marriage of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) to a Number of Women

Question :
Why did the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him marry a number of women?

Answer :
To Allah belongs the unlimited wisdom and it is from His Wisdom that He, the Most Glorified allowed men, in the Previous Revealed Laws and in the Law if our Prophet, Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him to take in the bonds of matrimony more than one wife. Permission to marry more than one wife was not specially for our Prophet, Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him. For Ya'qub, upon him be peace, had two wives and Sulaiman, the son Dawud, may the peace of Allah be upon both of them, collected ninety-nine wives and he visited (i.e had sexual intercourse with) all of them in one night, in the hope that Allah would bless him a son from every of them, who would fight in Allah's cause. This was not something new in the Law, nor does it oppose common sense, nor the requirements of the Fitrah [The natural state in which are created.]; indeed wisdom necessitates it. For women are more in number than men, as censure continually proven, a man may possess so much physical strength that he needs more than one wife, in order that he may be able to include his desires in a permissible way,rather than in a prohibited way. Otherwise he will be found to illness, something may prevent him from fulfilling his needs, such as menstruation or postnatal bleeding, or anything else that prevents a man from fulfilling his desires with her. So he may need another wife whom he may fulfill his desires, rather than repressing them or committing indecency. Since plurality of wives is permissible and justified, logically, in accordance with the Fitrah and the Islamic law, and since the Prophets of old used to practice it - indeed it could be said to be obligatory in case of necessity or need it could be said to be obligatory in cases of necessity or need something - then it is not suppressing that our Prophet, Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him did so. There are other reasons he married a number of women which have been mention by the scholars, such as strengthening the ties between him and some of Arab tribes - so that perhaps it may result in some strength for Islam and aid in it its spread through increasing harmony, affirming ties of love and brotherhood. It could have been to give shelter and solace to widows that which they had lost, for in that is freedom from worry and relief from hardship. The Islamic law has prescribed the way for the community to help those who lose their husbands in jihad and the like; there is also the hope of increasing offspring, which helps in restoring a natural balance and in increasing the numbers of the population and it helps those wish to spread the religion. The need for it is not only to satisfy desire, as is proven by the fact that the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him did not marry virgins or young women except 'A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her - the rest of his wives were matrons. If he had been driven by the desire and physical lust to marry a number of women, he would have chosen young virgins in order to satisfy his lust, especially after he had migrated, the lands had been liberated and the Islamic State established. Then the power of the Muslims was firm and their strength increased, and every family desired that he should marry their daughters - but he did not do so. He only married for noble purposes and high considerations, which are clear to those who have studied the circumstances surrounding each of his marriages. If he had been a man gives to base passions, it would be known from his Seerah (biography) to be the case when he was young and strong. But that was when he had only one wife, his noble spouse, Khadijah Bint Khuwalid, may Allah be pleased with her, who was older than him. If that were the case, he would have been known for behaving unjustly with his wives, who were of different ages and degrees of beauty. But in fact, he was not known except for his absolute righteousness and honesty in his personal behavior and chastity, as both a young and old man. All of this goes to prove his decency and high moral character and his integrity in all his affairs, so that he was acknowledged as such even by his enemies.
The Permanent Committee

Tags : shadi, marriage, hikmat, wisdom, bivi, wife

This question is on 197 page in Fatawa Islamiyah book.

Book Publisher Saudi Arab
POBOX: 11416 Saudi Arab
Phone: 0096614043432
Book Publisher Pakistan
36 Lower Mall, Lahore
Phone: 00924237324034