The Purpose of including the Graves of the Messenger and His two Companions in Al-Masjid An-Nabawi


Question :
It is known that it is not permissible to bury people in mosques, and that praying in a mosque containing a grave is not permissible. What is the purpose of including the graves of the Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) and two Companions in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawi?

Answer :
It is authentically reported that the messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
The curse of Allah is upon Jews and Christians who turned the graves of their Prophets into praying place.
"The curse of Allah is upon Jews and Christians who turned the graves of their Prophets into praying place."
Al-Bukhari no. 1330, Muslim no. 529, An-Nasa'i no.704, Ahmad 5: 204 and Al-Muwatta no. 85.
It is also authentically reported that 'A' ishah mentioned that Umm Salamah, and Umm Habibah, both told the Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) about a church which they saw in Ethiopia, which contained pictures. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
Those people, whenever a pious man died among them, they built a praying place on his grave, and posted in them those pictures. Those are the most evil creatures in the sight of Allah.
"Those people, whenever a pious man died among them, they built a praying place on his grave, and posted in them those pictures. Those are the most evil creatures in the sight of Allah."
Al-Bukhari nos. 427, 434, 1341 , Muslin no. 528, An-Nasa'i no. 705 and Ahmad 6: 51.
Jundub bin Abdullah Al-Bajali said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) saying:
Allah has taken me for a beloved, as he took Ibrahim for a beloved. Were I to take a friend from my Ummah, I would have taken Abu Bakr for a friend. Beware! Those who came before you used to take the graves of their prophets and pious people for praying place. Beware! Never take graves for mosques, for I forbade you doing so.
"Allah has taken me for a beloved, as he took Ibrahim for a beloved. Were I to take a friend from my Ummah, I would have taken Abu Bakr for a friend. Beware! Those who came before you used to take the graves of their prophets and pious people for praying place. Beware! Never take graves for mosques, for I forbade you doing so."
Muslin no. 532, Al-Hakim 2: 550.
Muslim narrated that Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) forbade plastering grave or sitting on them, or building chambers on them.
Muslim no. 970.
These authentic traditions all signify prohibition in taking graves for mosques. those who do so are cursed. These tradition also indicate the prohibition of erecting structures on graves, or building domes upon them, or plastering them. Doing so is considered as means of Shirk, and worshipping the people in those graves to the exclusion of Allah. This happened in the past and in the present. It is incumbent on Muslims wherever they happen to be to beware of what the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) prohibited of constructing on graves, or building mosques and domes on them, plastering them and lighting them, or other things which the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) forbade. They should not be deceived by what many people do, for a believer must seek the truth at all times, and uphold it wherever he finds it. The truth can be recognized by the proof from the Book and Sunnah, not by opinions or deeds of men. Neither the Messenger of Allah, nor his two Companions , may Allah be pleased with them, were buried in the Masjid, rather, they were buried in 'A' ishah's chamber. But when the Masjid was expanded during the reign of Al-walid bin Abdul-Malik, the chamber was included in the Masjid towards the end of the first century. This is not to be considered as including a grave in the Masjid because neither the Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) nor his Companions were transferred into the Masjid. It was only the Masjid for sake of expansion. Hence no one should use the as a proof or an argument for the permissibility of erecting structures on graves, or building mosques on them or burying people in them. as indicated by the above mentioned authentic traditions that prohibit doing so. Moreover what Al-walid did does not constitute an argument to be used against the establish Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him). It is Allah who grants success.
Ibn Baz



Tags : qabar, grave, masjid, mosque, namaz, pray
 
 

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