There are no Superficial Matters in Islam


Question :
What is the ruling in the Islamic law on who says: "Shaving the bread and shortening one's garment are superficial issues and not a part of the fundamentals of the religion", or one who laughs at those stress these things?

Answer :
Such talk is very dangerous and highly detested; there are on superficial matters in religion, all of them are essentials and righteousness and beneficial. It (the religion) can be divided into two categories: Fundamentals and Jurisprudence. The issues of the bread and shortening the garment are matters of jurisprudence and fundamentals, but it is not permissible to call any matter pertaining to the religion superficial. One fears for the one who says such things in disparagement and mockery, that he may be guilty of apostasy from his religion, for Allah, the Most High says:
Say:
"Say: "Was it Allah and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelation etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make no excuse, you have disbelieved after you had believed."
At-Tawbah 9 : 65-66.
It was the Messenger Peace Be Upon Him who ordered growing the bread and trimming the moustache; and obedience to him prohibitions obligation, as is respect for his commands and prohibitions in all matters. Abu Muhammad Ibn Hazm has mentioned that there is complete agreement among the scholars on the obligation of growing the bread and shortening the mouchaches. And there is no doubt that felicity, salvation, honor, nobility and praised abode (Paradise) are attained through obedience to Allah and His Messenger Peace Be Upon Him and that destruction, loss and an evil abode (Hell) are the result of obedience to Allah and His Messenger Peace Be Upon Him. Likewise raising one's garments above the ankles is an obligation, based upon the words of the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him:
Whatever hangs down below the ankles from the Izar [waist wrap] will be in the Fire.
"Whatever hangs down below the ankles from the Izar [waist wrap] will be in the Fire."
Al-Bukhari no. 5787.
And His Words:
There are three persons to whom Allah will not speak, nor will He look upon them, nor sanctify them on the Day of Resurrestion and upon whom will be a painful punishment : The one who lets his Iazr hang down, the one who gives away what is given to him and the one who sells his wares by swearing to a lie.
"There are three persons to whom Allah will not speak, nor will He look upon them, nor sanctify them on the Day of Resurrestion and upon whom will be a painful punishment : The one who lets his Iazr hang down, the one who gives away what is given to him and the one who sells his wares by swearing to a lie."
Muslim no. 106 and Abu dawud no. 4087.
And he Peace Be Upon Him said:
Allah will not look and one who let his garment hang out of pride.
"Allah will not look and one who let his garment hang out of pride."
Al-Bukari no. 5783.
Therefore it is obligatory for a Muslim man to fear Allah and raise his garment, whether it be a Qamees [A long shirt], an Izar, trousers or a cloak - and nor to let it hang below the ankles. It is best for it to be between mind-calf and the ankle. Should its hanging down be due to pride, the sin is greater. If it is due to negligence, rater than pride, then it is detested and the one who does it is a sinner, but his sin does not include thar of pride, although there is no doubt that letting the garment hang down is a path to pries, even if the one who does it claims that he does not do so out of pride. Since the warning in the Hadith is general, it is not permissible to be negligent in the matter. As for the story of (Abu Bakr) As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, and his words to the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him: "My Izar hangs down, unless I am careful with it," The Prophet Peace Be Upon Him said to him:
You are not one of those who do ot out of pride.
"You are not one of those who do ot out of pride."
Abu Dawud no. 4085.
This is the truth regarding one whose situation is a that of As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, regarding the hanging down of his garment without pride, who takes care with it and endeavors to keep it firm. As for him who deliberately lets his garment hang down, the warning (of punishment) includes him and he is not like As-Saddiq. In addition to what has been mentioned, wearing a long, hanging garment is also a waste of money and it cause it to trail in dirt and impure things, and it is a from of initiating women - and a Muslim is obligated to avoid all of these things. And Allah is the Granter of success and the Guide to the Right Way.
Ibn Baz



Tags : sathiyat, superficiality, kaifr, disbeliever, deen, religion
 
 

This question is on 153 page in Fatawa Islamiyah book.


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