The ruling on giving Money for Zakatul-Fitr


Question :
What is the ruling on giving money for Zakatul-Fitr, because there is someone who says that it is permissible?

Answer :
It is not unknown to any Muslim that the most important pillar of upright religion of Islam is the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah necessitates that none should be worshipped but Allah alone. The testimony is that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah Peace Be Upon Him necessitates that Allah not be worshipped except with what the Messenger of Allah Peace Be Upon Him sanctioned. Zakatul-Fitr is an act of worship according to the consensus of Muslims, and the fundamental principle regarding acts of worship is that they are Tawqeef (i.e., limited to whatever there is a text for). Therefore, it is not permissible for anyone to seek to worship Allah with any act of worship except with what is taken from the wise person who was the source of Islamic Legislation (i.e., Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him). He is the one for whom His Lord, Blessed is He the Most High, said:
And he (Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)) does not speak from (his own) desire. It is only a revelation that is revealed (to him).
"And he (Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him) does not speak from (his own) desire. It is only a revelation that is revealed (to him)."
An-Najm 53:3,4.
And he Peace Be Upon Him said concerning that:
Whoever introduces into this matter of ours that which is not of it, then it is rejected.
"Whoever introduces into this matter of ours that which is not of it, then it is rejected."
Al-Bukhari no. 2697.
And he said:
Whoever does a deed that is not from our matter, then it is rejected.
"Whoever does a deed that is not from our matter, then it is rejected."
Muslim no. 1718.
He Peace Be Upon Him legislated Zakatul-Fitr by that which is confirmed from his in the authentic Hadiths as a Sa' food or (i.e., meaning) a Sa' of dried dates or a Sa' of barley or a Sa' of raisins or a Sa' of cottage cheese. Indeed Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded from 'Abdullah bin 'Umar R.A. that he said:
"The Messenger of Allah Peace Be Upon Him obligated Zakatul-Fitr as a Sa' of dried dates or a Sa' of barley upon the slave and the free man, the male and the female, and the child and the adult among the Muslims. He commanded that it be given before the people come out to the prayer."
Al-Bukhari no. 1503-1504, Muslim no. 984.
They (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) also recorded from Abu Sa;id R.A. that he said:
"We used to give (Zakatul-Fitr) in the time of the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him as a Sa' of food or (i.e., meaning) a Sa' of dried dates or a Sa' of barley or a Sa' of raisins."
Al-Bukhari no. 1508, Muslim no. 985.
In another narration he said: "and Sa' of cottage cheese."
hence, this is the Sunnah of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him regarding Zakatul-Fitr. It is known that during the time of the legislated - and this giving - of Zakatul-Fitr, dinars and dirhams (i.e., gold and silver coins) existed - especially in Al-Madinah - amount the Muslims. These were the two leading forms of currency at that time and yet he (the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him) did not mention them in regards to Zakatul-fitr. If either of them were acceptable for Zakatul-Fitr, he would have clarified that, as it is not permissible to delay explanation past the time of need. If this explanation had occurred, the Companions R.A. would have acted upon it (i.e., by giving money).
What has been related concerning the Zakah of the livestock animals, of the known permission to give another animal in place of what is to be given, this is conditional upon that which is obligatory to give not being available. This allowance is specifically for that which it has been narrated concerning. As was mentioned earlier, the fundamental principle regarding acts of worship is At-Tawqeef. We do not know of anyone of the Prophet's Companions giving money for Zakatul-Fitr, and they were the most knowledgeable people of his Sunnah and the most devout people in following it. If anything like this had occurred among them, it would have been reported just as other things were reported from their statements and deeds that were related to the matters of Islamic legislation. Indeed Allah, glory is unto Him the Most High, said:
Verily there is an excellent example for you all in the messenger of Allah (Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)).
"Verily there is an excellent example for you all in the messenger of Allah (Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him)."
Al-Ahzab 33:21.
And He, the Mighty and Majestic, said:
And the first and foremost (to believe) from the Muhajirun (immigrants to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped the Muhajirun) and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them gardens with rivers flowing beneath them. They will abide therein forever. That is the supreme success.
"And the first and foremost (to believe) from the Muhajirun (immigrants to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped the Muhajirun) and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them gardens with rivers flowing beneath them. They will abide therein forever. That is the supreme success."
At-Tawbah 9:100.
From what we have mentioned, it becomes clear to the person who follows he truth that giving money for Zakatul-Fitr is not permissible and it does not suffice for whoever gives it because he is opposing what has been mentioned of the legislative evidences. I ask Allah to help us and the rest of the Muslims to understand His religion, be firm upon it and beware of everything that opposes His Law. Verily, He Most Generous, Most Noble.
May Allah send blessing upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his Companions.
"May Allah send blessing upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his Companions."

Ash-Shaykh Ibn Baz



Tags : sadqa fitr, zakatul fitr, naqdi, money
 
 

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